The ARAB FUTURE (AL MUSTAQBAL AL ARABI), No. 539, January 2024

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ISSN10249834


Weight0,260 kg
Dimensions24 × 17 cm
نوع المجلة

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Editorial

Contemplation of a world after October 7, 2023……….. Abaher Al Sakka        7

Studies

Independent Development and Social Justice: Is there a way?!
in the Arab World…………………………. Muhammad Ahmed Al-Bashir      11 

Independent development and social justice in any country is linked to the nature of the ruling class in it and the economic and social policies that this class usually adopts as an expression of its interests, and the extent to which these policies contribute to the productivity of the economy, providing job opportunities, the optimal use of natural and human resources, and ultimately in the equitable distribution of national wealth. This paper discusses development trends in Arab countries, the economic and monetary policies on which these trends are based, the major imbalances that Arab economies suffer from, and the economic and social effects that have resulted from them, which have created a clear disparity in various development indicators between one social group and another in these countries.

Keywords: Independent Development, Social Justice, Economic Indicators, Ruling Class, Political Resolve.

Colonialism and a New Breed of Prisoners: Immigration in
Gaza Strip 2007 – 2022………… Ahmed Maamoun and Zahraa Shabana      31

This study monitors the population movement and migration from the Gaza Strip and the changes that occurred between the years 2007 and 2022, i.e, before the Al-Aqsa flood operation and the genocidal war waged by the Zionist entity against the Strip. The study shows that during the indicated period, Gaza witnessed a phenomenon of mass migration that cannot be addressed outside the context of forced transfer and ethnic cleansing mechanisms, and the influence of some political actors on the conditions of the Strip and the migration is predetermined according to Israeli colonialist agenda. The study analyzes the political, social and psychological conditions of the sector, and studies the factors of attraction and repulsion related to migration from it between the years 2007 and 2022.

Keywords: Gaza Strip, “Israel”, Immigration, Ethnic Cleansing, Demography.

Exacerbating the Colonial Cognitive and Practical Legacy
in the Maghreb Countries……………………………… Almouldi Alahmar       54

This paper examines the foundations of colonial knowledge in the Maghreb countries during the colonial era, and the complications carried by its epistemological legacy in the present Maghreb and Arab-Islamic societies in general. The paper examines the French and Italian colonial cognitive experience in Libya and Tunisia, and its present influence on political thinking and defining events of which these countries are experiencing today. To test this proposition, the paper focuses critical observation on the “anthropological eyes” with which the French viewed the Fezzan in Libya between 1943 and 1947, and the complications of concepts such as tribe and farmer society with their colonial and ethnocentric cognitive content. The paper concludes with sculpting the methodological features that define the conditions for a critical cognitive position that should be taken regarding this legacy.

Keywords: Colonial Anthropology, Fezzan, Internal Understanding, Tribe, Farmer Society, Arab Spring.

Squandered Reforms and the Delayed Transition to Democracy
in Morocco………………………………………… Abdul Majeed Al-Sakhiri      72

The study examines the faltering experience of democratic transition in Morocco, by recalling the historical contexts in which constitutional deliberation was raised, especially after announcing that human rights violations will be overlooked and a “rotation government” will be installed. The paper will identify the weaknesses that prevent the completion of conditions necessary for reforms and the establishment of democratic institutions. The study is mainly concerned with tracking the stages of political and constitutional reforms, the progress of demands since independence until the amendment of the 2011 Constitution, reciting the turning points in the history of political conflicts between the royal authority and the opposition forces, and analyzing the major outcomes that resulted, whether in terms of the specificity of the approaches and the proposed exits to liquidate the legacy of the authoritarian past, towards adopting institutional consensuses and approaches to implementing transitional justice and a controlled democratic transition.

Keywords: Democratic Transition, Constitution, Political Reform, Constitutional Reform, Transitional Justice.

Questioning Concepts between Pre-Islamic Advocacy
and Post-Islamic Philosophy………………….. Abdul Karim Barghouthi      92

Questioning the concepts and clarifying their internal problems is a common matter between theologians and the Arabs before the Islamic Daʿwah. It is the basis of the Almighty’s revelation. It is to work with meanings in a way that reflects the characteristics of thought amongst the Arabs, indicating that Arab-Islamic philosophical discourses regarding boundaries are not simply due to the exposure to Greek philosophy or others. Second, it indicates that the Arabic language was fully mature and ready when called upon to contain the concepts of the new religion in general, and the concept of God at its highest levels of abstraction in particular. This is what the paper addresses by looking at the science of theology as a whole, and at the concept of time transformation according to Al-Kindi, in order to clarify the relationship between before and after the Daʿwah in terms of thought and its mechanisms.

Keywords: Theology, Proof, Al-Kindi, Time, Al-Ays, Al-Lis.

“The New Society” in the thought of Nassif Nassar………. Shadi Al-Tabar    108

In the context of Nassef Nassar’s intellectual endeavor to launch the second renaissance in the Arab world, this contemporary Arab philosopher calls for replacing the traditional society characterized by sectarianism, familialism, and tribalism with another society for which Nassar defined its essence, nature, and philosophical foundations. Since then, Nassar had a deep concern that accompanied most of his works, which revealed to us the image of the “new society” and its face as a philosophical ideal that he presents to the Arab mind in general and the Lebanese in particular. This study unveils this “new society” as Nassar comprehended it, by presenting his philosophical vision of the subject and its special identity that distinguishes it from other societies.

Keywords: New Society, Traditional Society, Sectarianism, Secularism, Social Entity, National Society, Ethnic Society.

War in the Age of Artificial Intelligence:
War in Ukraine………………………………………… Elias Tannous Hanna    122

The applications of so-called artificial intelligence, in various scientific, medical, engineering, cultural, political and military fields, have begun to herald the entry of human civilization into a new era in which the speed of transformations will double to the extent that it would be difficult to predict the characteristics of such era. This in turn, raises questions, fears and warnings about the extents to which a person can continue to control his destiny. This study focuses on the military dimension of artificial intelligence, the principles of war, the changing standards of superiority, and opportunities for domination, and on fears about the extent of human ability to control the use of weapons, especially nuclear weapons, in the age of artificial intelligence. The study presents the war in Ukraine as a Model.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Change, Superiority, Nuclear Weapons, Ukraine War.

Articles and opinions

The Problematic relationship between the Arab state
and society……………………………………………. Youssef M. Al-Sawani    142

Books and readings

Behind Corona Bars: Diaries and reflections
(Abdel-Ilah Belkziz)………………………………………. Muhammad Raziq    150

The Isolation of the Moribund: Sociological Issues about Aging and Aeath
(Norbert Elias)…………………………………………………… Amina Zawji    155

Books Summaries………………………………………………………………..       162

Arabic Books: A Revolutionary Life: Diaries of the Arab Spring; Corona in a Worried World: Its Economic, Political and Social Impacts and Philosophical Lessons. Regional Organizations and their Impact on International Politics: The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) as a Model; The Role of Soft Power in the Foreign Policy of Middle Powers.

Foregin Books: Narratives of Arab Secularism Politics, Feminism and Religion; From Vladimir Lenin to Vladimir Putin Russia in Search of Its Identity: 1913–2023; The Fear of Chinese Power: An International History.

Research Reports: A Way Out for Gaza; What Has Hamas Accomplished?.

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